In the list of the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP), there are over a hundred airports in the Philippines. They are classified into three – international airports, principal airports and community airports.
Due to the archipelagic nature of the Philippines, airports are vital facilities connecting the islands.
In this post, we will know what are the most busy airports in the Philippines.
1. Ninoy Aquino International Airport
With over 30 million passengers in 2012, NAIA is disputed to be the primary gateway to and from the Philippines. The airport is located in Pasay City, one of cities comprising Metropolitan Manila. It was built in 1948, two years after the Philippines became independent from the Americans and was originally named Manila International Airport but was renamed with its current name in 1987 in honor of the late Senator Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino, who was assassinated in its tarmac when he went back to the Philippines in 1983 from his self-imposed exile in the United States. Currently, the airport has four (4) terminals. Terminal 1 serves most of the international flights; Terminal 2 or the Centennial Terminal is exclusively used by Philippine Airlines for its domestic and international flights; Terminal 3, which is the newest and the biggest of all terminals, serves domestic and international flights as well and the Terminal 4 or the Manila Domestic Terminal which serves domestic flights operated by AirAsia Zest and Tiger Air Philippines.
2. Mactan-Cebu International Airport
MCIA is the main entry point to the South. In 2012, it served nearly seven (7) million passengers both from domestic and international destinations. It was opened as a civilian airport in the 1960s in Mactan Airbase as a replacement of the Lahug Airport which could no longer be expanded because of the growing urbanization in mainland Cebu. Today, the airport connects the city not only to major cities in the Philippines, but to the countries of South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Russia, China, Malaysia and Singapore.
3. Francisco Bangoy International Airport
Serving nearly 3 million passengers, Francisco Bangoy International Airport or the Davao International Airport remains to be the busiest airport in Mindanao. Built in 1940s in a lot donated by Don Francisco Bangoy (where the airport got its name) , patriarch of one of the most influential families in Davao City . The airport connects the city to Manila and other major cities in the country like Cebu, Cagayan de Oro, Bacolod, Iloilo and Zamboanga. Serving international flights, Silk Air has a regular flight to and from Singapore and also serves chartered flights to Manado, Indonesia.
4. Iloilo International Airport
Fourth in the list is the airport serving the Iloilo- Guimaras – Southern Panay area – the Iloilo International Airport. The facility is located in the town of Cabatuan, some nineteen (19) kilometers northwest of Iloilo City. Built in 2004 and completed in 2007, the airport replaced Mandurriao Airport as the primary gateway to Iloilo and was the first airport in Western Visayas to be built in international standards. Currently, it connects Iloilo to the cities of Manila, Cebu, Davao, Cagayan de Oro, General Santos and Puerto Princesa. Regular international flights are also scheduled to and from Hongkong and Singapore.
5. Kalibo International Airport
Occupying the fifth spot is also an airport in Panay, specifically in the Province of Aklan. Kalibo International Airport which served nearly 2 million passengers in 2012 is touted to be the fastest growing airport in the country. Though, Iloilo International Airport is the busiest airport in Western Visayas, Kalibo International Airport boasts as having the busiest international flight activity in the region since the airport is one of the two airports serving Boracay, the country’s primary tourist destination. It has flights to Busan and Seoul in South Korea, Taipei in Taiwan, Hongkong, Beijing and Shanghai in China, Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia and Singapore. Chartered flights are also scheduled connecting other cities in China and Russia.
6. Lumbia Airport
In the 2012 CAAP Report, Lumbia Airport serving Cagayan de Oro City tallied 1.6 million passengers embarking and disembarking in the airport making it the second busiest in Mindanao.Currently it serves as a minor airbase for the Philippine Air Force, after it was closed down for civilian used when the Laguindingan Airport went to full operation. Lumbia got its name from the barangay where the airport in located.
7. Bacolod -Silay International Airport
The third airport from Western Visayas to make it to the Top 10, Bacolod-Silay International Airport is the busiest airport in the Negros Island. Constructed in 2004 and completed in 2007, the airport replaced the old Bacolod Domestic Airport in Barangay Sicgang. The airport is located in Silay City some 15 kilometers northeast of Bacolod City. Currently it connects Bacolod to the cities of Manila, Cebu and Davao. No international flights is currently serving the airport.
8. Puerto Princesa International Airport
The primary airport in Palawan and the main gateway to the famed Puerto Princesa Underground River, Puerto Princesa International Airport is truly one of the country’s busiest serving 1.32 passengers. Currently, $82.9-million was allocated by the National Government for the construction of new terminal and other support facilities and is expected to be completed in 2017. Currently, the airport connects Puerto Princesa to Manila, Cebu and Iloilo. It has international flights from Taipei.
9. Clark International Airport
Being the alternate airport of NAIA, Clark International Airport served 1.30 million passengers making it the ninth busiest airport in the country. It opened in 1993 right after Clark Airbase reopened as the Clark Special Economic Zone. It was renamed as Diosdado Macapagal International Airport in 2003 by Former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, to honor his father, Former President Diosdado Macapagal, who hailed from Lubao, Pampanga. In 2012, President Benigno Aquino III, renamed the airport back to Clark International Airport. Currently, it serves international flights to Kuala Lumpur, Hongkong, Macau, Singapore, Doha and Seoul.
10. Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport
With 1.1 million passengers served, Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport in Tacloban is the busiest airport in Eastern Visayas. It was constructed during World War II as San Jose Airstrip serving the USAFE. Later on, it was renamed after Daniel Z. Romualdez, a former Speaker of the House of Representative who hails from Tacloban. During the onslaught of Typhoon Haiyan, DZR Airport was heavily damaged making its terminal, control tower and other vital installations unusable. Operations resumed few days after but for turboprops only. During the visit of Pope Francis in January 2015, the airport was the venue where the pontiff celebrated a holy mass drawing more than 200,000 attendees. Currently, the airport connects Tacloban to Manila and Cebu.
1. Philippine Airlines – 14,126
2. Cebu Pacific – 9,320
3. PAL Express – 3,358
4. Spirit of Manila – 2,501
5. Air Asia Zest – 2,340
6. Air Asia Philippines – 1,800
7. Tigerair Philippines – 1,212
8. SEAIR International – 520
9. Sky Jet – 377
10. South Phoenix Airways – 298
Source: Websites of the Airlines
Population density is the measurement of population per unit area. In this case, the population density of the provinces are determined through dividing the total population of the province with its land area. The following are the densest provinces in the country:
1. Rizal – 2,084 persons/ square kilometer
2. Cavite – 1,963.40 persons/ square kilometer
3. Laguna – 1,392.1 persons/square kilometer
4. Pampanga – 1,134.7 persons/ square kilometer
5. Bulacan – 1,045 persons/ square kilometer
6. Cebu – 780.1 persons/ square kilometer
7. Batangas – 762.1 persons/ square kilometer
8. Bataan – 500.7 persons/ square kilometer
9. La Union – 495.4 persons/ square kilometer
10. Albay – 478.9 persons/ square kilometer
From the data of Department of Finance – Bureau of Local Government Finance (DOF-BLGF), these are the ten of the richest cities in the Philippines:
1. Quezon City – Php 12,337,292,317
Topping the list is no less than the largest city of the country. A sprawling metropolis of over two million inhabitants. It hosts the country’s most bustling commercial centers like Cubao with the Araneta Center and the Eastwood City, to name a few. Quezon City is also home to the most vital communication facilities in country and the TV industry giants like ABS-CBN and GMA.
2. Makati City – Php 9,543,471,282
Coming in second is the Financial Capital of the Philiipines – Makati City. It has the highest concentration of multi-national and local corporation located mostly in the Makati Central Business District, the city’s main economic driver. Most of the banking corporations and diplomatic missions also find their home in Makati and has also evolved into becoming the country’s major cultural and entertainment hub. Though second in terms of the total LGU income, Makati is still the richest LGU in per capita basis.
3. Manila – Php 7,151,870,561
The country’s capital comes in third place. Aside from being home to the Malacañan Palace, the Official Residence of the President of the Republic, the Supreme Court and important government installations, Manila is also the educational hub of the country hosting more than half of the major universities in the National Capital Region. These educational institutions are situated in the area referred to a University Belt. The city is a major center for banking and finance, retailing, transportation, tourism, real estate,media, advertising, legal services, accountancy, insurance, theater, fashion, and the arts in the Philippines. It is also the main shipping gateway in the Far East because of the presence of the Port of Manila. It is also home to the largest Chinatown in the world – Binondo which also houses major shopping centers.
4. Pasig City – Php 5,772,666,906
The fourth richest city in the country is still in Metro Manila. From being a rural and purely residential settlement, Pasig has emerged into one of the economic hubs of the country. The economic growth of Pasig is primarily attributed to the presence of Ortigas Center, where numerous high-rise commercial buildings, residential condominiums, malls and schools find their home. The headquarters of San Miguel Corporation and MERALCO are also located in Pasig City.
5. Davao City – Php 4,624,652,795
Davao City is the richest city in the coutry outside Metro Manila and the sole entry in the Top Ten from Mindanao. Aside from serving as the de facto capital of Mindanao, it is also the island’s most populous city with 1.4 million people. Agriculture is the major economic driver of the city as it hosts the largest agricultural companies in the country which produces bananas, pineapples, coffee, coconut and the famed durian. Hence, Davao City deserves to be referred to as the “Fruit Basket of the Philippines.” The city is also Mindanao’s main industrial, commercial and trading hub.
6. Cebu City – Php 3,203,379,789
The Queen City of the South is in the sixth place. It is a significant commercial, industrial, educational and tourism center in the South as it hosts Vis-Min’s largest corporation, malls, hotels and schools. It is also one of the country’s major hub for the business process outsourcing (BPO) industries. The city’s major commercial institution are clustered mainly in the Cebu Business Park and the Cebu IT Park. Shipbuilding and real-estate are another growing industries in the city.
7. Caloocan City – Php 3,176,014,372
The country’s third most populous city made its way to the 7th place. Mostly residential and industrial, Caloocan City also has presence of shopping malls, banks and other commercial centers. It is home to the Manila North Tollways Corporation, a concessionaire of the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX). Perhaps the most famous landmark in the Caloocan is the monument of Andres Bonifacio, a masterpiece of National Artist Guillermo Tolentino, which has become the centerpiece of Monumento.
8. Pasay City – Php 3,027,245,991
Pasay City is considered to be the country’s major gateway as it is where the Ninoy Aquino International Airport is situated. Aside from being the aviation hub of the country, Pasay benefits as well in the presence of the Bay City Complex which hosts the famous Mall of Asia. It has now evolved as well into becoming an entertainment and cultural hub because of the presence of Resorts World Manila, the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the Folk Arts Theater and the Philippine International Convention Center, to name a few.
9. Parañaque City – Php 2,973,934,912
Just south of Pasay City is Parañaque City, another trading and commercial hub in the metropolis. Famous for the Redemptorist Church in Baclaran, Parañaque is also making a name in the entertainment and cultural industry. It is home to the Asia World City, Entertainment City which nestles the famed City of Dreams Manila, the Solaire Resort and Casino and the upcoming Resorts World Bayshore and Manila Bay Resorts.
10. Taguig City – Php 2,943,661,519
Rounding up the list is Taguig City, another business hub in Metro Manila. Taguig is home to the Bonifacio Global City which is one of the country’s financial hub and home to upscale residential and shopping centers, condominiums and international schools. Soon to boost Taguig’s economy is Arca South, an area being developed by Ayala Land and will soon be home to more than 300 multi-national and local companies.
1. University of the Philippines System – Php 9,373,382,000
2. Mindanao State University – Php 1,940,327,000
3. Polytechnic University of the Philippines – Php 948,491,000
4. MSU – Iligan Institute of Technology – Php 587,146,000
5. Bicol University – Php 569,596,000
6. West Visayas State University – Php 556,095,000
7. Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University – Php 552,511,000
8. Isabela State University – Php 512,172,000
9. Technological University of the Philippines – Php 461,771,000
10. Central Luzon State University – Php 439,072,000
Source: General Appropriations Act of 2014